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We Will All Go Through Trials and Tribulation – All Types Of Fitnah

It is this Sūrah which brings understanding and happiness to the believers despite their pain.

FITNAH

The Tafsīr of Selected Verses of Sūrah Āle-‘Imrān

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“Our Lord, Do Not Let Our Hearts Deviate
After You Have Guided Us.
Grant Us Your Mercy: You Are The Ever-Giving!”

Imām Mālik narrates in his Muwatta’ that the Tābi‘ī, Abu ‘Abdullāh al-Sanābihī, said:

I came to Madīnah in the Khilāfah of Abu Bakr al-Siddīq (radhyAllāhu ‘anhu)
and I prayed the Maghrib prayer behind him.

In the first two rak‘ah, he recited Sūrat’l-Fātihah and then followed it each
time with one of the short sūrahs. 

Then Abu Bakr stood up for the third rak‘ah, and I got as close to him as I
possibly could until my gown was almost touching his gown.
I heard him reciting Sūrat’l-Fātihah but then this verse too:

رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِنْ لَدُنْكَ رَحْمَةً إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْوَهَّابُ

‘Our Lord, do not let our hearts deviate after You have guided us.
Grant us Your mercy: You are the Ever-Giving.

(Sūrah Āle-‘Imran, 3:8)

When you read this narration, remind yourself that
we are talking about
the Maghrib prayer.

When was the last time you heard or saw someone recite anything other than
Sūrat’l-Fātihah in the third rak‘ah of the Maghrib prayer?

Fascinatingly, some of the greatest scholars in our history actually said that
this was the du‘ā of Abu Bakr that he would plead to Allah with regularly in a
position of the prayer where we don’t expect a du‘ā to be made.

A du‘ā of Abu Bakr showing his fear of FITNAH i.e. his fear of being trialled
and tested in the religion in any of its forms.

But, WHY?

No Other Surah Gathers The Various Trials Of Man
Such As Surah Āle-‘Imran!

This is a unique sūrah which gathers the most amount of fitan
– tests and trials – in one place,
warning us and helping save us from:

  • the fitnah of going astray in our ‘aqīdah
  • the fitnah of theological deviation, or theoretical or creedal deviance
  • the fitnah of wealth
  • the fitnah of desires
  • the fitnah of greed
  • the fitnah of being slandered
  • the fitnah of being in authority
  • the fitnah of doubt in our scriptures
  • the fitnah of establishing power by seeking help from the enemies of Allah
  • the fitnah of knowledge
  • the fitnah of Shaytān
  • the fitnah of being weak-minded
  • the fitnah of apostasy
  • the fitnah of disunity
  • the fitnah of the Saved Sect mentality
  • the fitnah of interfaith
  • the fitnah of poverty
  • the fitnah of cowardice
  • the fitnah of hypocrisy
  • the fitnah of pessimism, and much more

Shaykh
Abu Eesa Niamatullah

Senior Instructor. Studied Arabic, Islamic Law and Quran with scholars in East and West. Launched LogicalProgression.org, advanced weekly Fiqh classes. Original founder of Prophetic Guidance; taught popular commentary of al-Adab al-Mufrad. Vice-Chair of Al-Qalam Sharī‘ah Panel, UK’s premier fatwa body for legal and financial concerns.

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